The Geography of Exclusion: Race, Segregation, and Concentrated Poverty
Daniel T. Lichter, Cornell University
Domenico Parisi, Mississippi State University
Michael Taquino, Mississippi State University
This paper uses newly-released place and county poverty estimates from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey, along with estimates from the 1990 and 2000 decennial census summary files, to document recent changes in the spatial concentration and segregation of poor minorities. Specially, we (1) provide new estimates of changing patterns of concentrated poverty over the 1990-to-2009 period; (2) show that poverty has become increasingly concentrated both within and between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties; and (3) fit various multivariate models (that include controls for county fixed effects) of pooled county data that identify sources of within- and between county changes in concentrated poverty. The post-2000 period reveals that increasing shares of poor people – especially racial and ethnic minorities – are concentrated in poor rural counties and places. Our results highlight the need for additional research on spatially-concentrated poverty of minorities in rural and small town America.