Is the Immigrant Health Advantage Apparent in Childhood? Immigrant Generation, Race and Ethnicity, and Child Health across the Early Lifecourse
Erin R. Hamilton, University of California, Davis
Jodi Berger Cardoso, University of Texas at Austin
Extending past work showing strong nativity differences in infant and adult health and mortality, in this paper we examine differences in nine child health and development outcomes across immigrant generations for four major U.S. racial/ethnic groups in early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. Using data from the 2007 National Survey of Child Health, we document a graded pattern whereby the incidence of poor health outcomes increases across generation. Multivariate regression models will test to what extent these patterns may be explained by differences in access to and use of health care (possibly resulting in under-diagnosis), family structure and socioeconomic status, child and parent health behaviors, social support, and neighborhood conditions.