Educational Assortative Matching and Income Development: Results from Longitudinal Register Data in Sweden 1990-2005

Martin Dribe, Lund University
Paul Nystedt, Linkoping University

A large number of studies have indicated that educational homogamy is strong in most Western societies, although the trends over time have differed across countries. In this paper we study the connection between educational assortative matching and income development for the entire Swedish population born 1960-1969, and follow them from 1990 to 2005. We distributed fixed effects models estimating the effects of partner educational characteristics on post-marital income, relating it to how the income developed in advance of marriage. Being partnered with someone with more education is associated with higher earnings, while partnering someone with less education is associated with lower earnings. However, most of these differences in earnings are explained by marital selection processes rather than partnership educational characteristics affecting earnings. The exception is hypogamy among the highly educated, for which there is a strong indication that, in comparison with homo- and hypergami, earnings development in marriage is weaker.

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Presented in Poster Session 6