Primary School Enrollment and Dropout in Ethiopia: Household and School Factors
Kassahun A. Admassu, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
Ethiopia is one of the countries with the lowest primary school enrollment rates in the world. In addition, high gender and rural-urban disparities, low quality of schools and high dropout rate are the major challenges. This paper examines the effects of household resources, adverse shocks, and school factors on child school enrollment and dropout. The analysis uses a data from the 2004 National Welfare Monitoring Survey of households in Ethiopia. Random-effects logistic regressions are used to identify determinants of primary school enrollment and dropout. Girls have lower chance of school enrollment than boys, but no gender difference in dropout. Household wealth and parent/guardian education significantly increase the chance of school enrollment and decrease the risk of dropout. Demographic and economic shocks increase the risk of school dropout. Distance to and quality perceptions of school are important determinants of school dropout in rural and urban areas, respectively.